Things to know about HIV/AIDS

HIV

Isn’t it frightening to know that according to WHO data from 2017, approximately 36.9 million people are living with HIV (Human Immuno Deficiency Virus) currently in the world? Certainly, this data makes HIV, a major health issue. December 1 is marked as World AIDS Day to raise awareness about this epidemic. This year, its theme is ‘know your status’ which suggests people to check their HIV status.

UNAIDS report says that furthermore to be done to eradicate it entirely or to create awareness among people. Generally, people confuse between two terms namely HIV and AIDS. Here we are helping you to know more about HIV/AIDS:

  • HIV is a virus that targets the immune system, our body’s natural defence against illness. Due to this the immune system become vulnerable to infections and cancer. However, AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a set of symptoms caused by HIV. A person is said to have AIDS when his/her CD4 count goes extremely low.
  • HIV is only transmitted through certain body fluids from a person who has HIV. These fluids include semen, blood, pre-seminal fluid, vaginal fluids, rectal fluids, and breast milk. Also, any of these fluids must come in direct contact with a damaged tissue, a mucous membrane or be directly injected into the bloodstream for transmission to occur.
  • Early stages symptoms of HIV include fever, fatigue and headache, Swollen lymph nodes, achy muscles, and joint pain, skin rash, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, sore throat and dry cough, and night sweats.
  • While undergoing treatment, HIV infected people develop illnesses such as meningitis, tuberculosis, bacterial infections and cancers such as lymphoma.
  • Sadly, there is no cure for HIV yet. However, there are treatments like antiretroviral therapy (ART) to control the virus and help patients enjoy a healthy and productive life. HIV medicines can just reduce the risk of its transmission.