For those who do not work in the medical industry, hospital emergency rooms and operating rooms can seem far removed from normal life. Many people only understand the elements of surgical life from soap operas or dramas set in hospitals. However, since health issues requiring surgery can pop up in any person when they least expect it, it can be a good idea to familiarize yourself with the types of surgical instruments a doctor may use. This can take the fear and uncertainty out of doctor visits and surgery appointments.
These devices are used to hold open different parts of the body so that surgeons can work more easily. Some retractors are designed to be held in place, while others can stay open in a fixed position. For an operation in the chest cavity or abdomen, it is likely that a retractor would be used to assist during surgery.
Surgery can be delicate work, so doctors need to be able to carefully grab or hold small pieces of the body without damaging them. There are many different types of clamps and forceps preferred by surgeons for various needs. The style of grasping tool used would depend on the type of surgery performed.
Surgery is usually considered to involve some amount of cutting. Whether it is a small scalpel to make tiny cuts or a saw for large amputations, cutting tools are often made from surgical grade stainless steel for durability and precision. Experience and skill are needed when using these tools.
Bleeding is a natural part of surgery, but it can make operations difficult for surgeons. Tools to clamp vessels are considered to be hemostatic instruments. Needles for making sutures or cauterizers for stopping bleeding are also useful surgical tools in an operating room.
Once the operation is finished, the surgeon needs to close up the wounds. This can be done with tools including staple applicators, sutures and glue. The use of these tools depends on the severity of the wound and the type of surgery performed.